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International Congress on Reproductive Health and Medicine , will be organized around the theme “Challenge for Reproductive health during COVID-19”

Reproductive Health Asia Pacific 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Reproductive Health Asia Pacific 2020

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Artificial Insemination is a process of deliberately injecting semen into the vagina.  The Semen is collected from the partner of from the sperm bank which is generally frozen.  This is allowed to liquefy and then inserted in to vagina using a syringe.  This technique is used to achieve pregnancy in case of hetero sexual couples whose body rejects the sperms as foreign bodies of the partner, or condition like endometriosis or thickening of the cervix.

 
  • Track 1-1Intracervical insemination
  • Track 1-2Intrauterine insemination
  • Track 1-3Intrauterine tuboperitoneal insemination

In-Vitro Fertilization is process in which the active egg from the parent is collected by stimulating ovulation or from egg donor, active sperm is collected and the fertilization is done externally.  The fertilized egg is then implanted into the uterus of the parent.  Egg donor and Sperm donor can be used in this case where the male is infertile or has very low sperm count or in the case where the female is unable to produce egg.  The cost involved is very high.

 

Chances of women suffering with cancer are high than compared to men. One of the cause of cervical cancer is multiple full term pregnancies. Uterine cancer the symptoms in this case would be much similar to pregnancy treated by complete removal of the tumor.  While in men the common cancer seen are testicular cancer, prostate cancer.  All these effect the reproductive ability sometimes may turn infertile

 
  • Track 3-1Cervical cancer
  • Track 3-2Ovarian cancer
  • Track 3-3Uterine cancer
  • Track 3-4Vaginal cancer
  • Track 3-5Vulvar cancer
  • Track 3-6Testicular cancer
  • Track 3-7Prostate cancer

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are transmitted generally through sexual contact.  These are caused by bacteria((gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), Parasites (trichomoniasis), Viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV) .  General term preferred by doctors is Sexually transmitted infections than that of sexually transmitted diseases. Some of these can be treated with proper treatment while some of these can be life threating like HIV.

 
  • Track 4-1Having unprotected sex
  • Track 4-2Having sexual contact with multiple partners
  • Track 4-3Having a history of STIs
  • Track 4-4Abusing alcohol or using recreational drugs
  • Track 4-5Injecting drugs
  • Track 4-6Pregnancy (From mother to child)

Nursing should Students are selected and trained for treating female patients and their babies.  This includes both prenatal care and postnatal care.  They are specially trained in gender specific aliments like uterine fibroids, endometriosis, cervical cancer, rett syndrome, vaginitis and pre-term labor.

 
  • Track 5-1Obstetrics/Gynecology Nurse
  • Track 5-2Labor and Delivery Nurse
  • Track 5-3Lactation Consultant
  • Track 5-4Certified Nurse Midwife

Obesity harms the fertility by disturbing the normal ovulation.  It takes longer time for women of higher BMI to become pregnant.  Chances of IVF success are also quite low.  Obesity also affects the baby and has a higher risk of fetal macrosomia and childhood obesity.

 
  • Track 6-1Miscarriages
  • Track 6-2Gestational Diabetes
  • Track 6-3Cardiac Dysfunction
  • Track 6-4Sleep apnea
  • Track 6-5Difficult vaginal delivery

Reproductive Health refers to physical, mental and social well-being. It refers to diseases, developmental disorders, reduced fertility, preterm delivery, low weight birth, reduced fertility, impotency, menstrual problems which affect the chances of fertility.  The exposure to pollution also has been found out as a leading cause of infertility.  There are various factors contributing to ill-reproductive health which include stress, emotional imbalances, obesity. In majority of the cases people affected due to improper care is women due to female genital mutilationteenage births, sexually transmitted diseases, improper sanitation facilities, multiple births

 
  • Track 7-1Adolescent health
  • Track 7-2Maternal Health
  • Track 7-3Cancers

Reproductive endocrinology is the branch of science that deals with infertility and hormone related problems in both men and women.  This deals with various endocrine disorders related to male and female reproductive system. Common surgical procedure performed by the reproductive endocrinologist includes:

 
  • Track 8-1Laproscopy
  • Track 8-2Hysteroscopy
  • Track 8-3Abdominal Myomectomy

Gynecology is the branch of medicine which deals with female reproductive health, reproductive system and breasts.  Gynecology deals with the abnormalities related to uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina.  This branch also deals with urinary tract problems as they are closely related to female reproductive organs.  Obstetrics is the branch of medicine concerned to prenatal care, pregnancy, labour. Generally gynecology and obstetrics go hand in hand and are very closely related. 

 

Preconception refers to reproductive health of men and women during their reproductive years. It provides knowledge on the conditions and risk factors which can affect pregnancy.  It includes the food habits, medication and the life style which can cause difficulty in conception.  Also it helps in avoiding unplanned pregnancies which are at the greater risk of pre-term birth and low birth weight babies.

 
  • Track 10-1Unplanned Pregnancy
  • Track 10-2Pre-term births

Pregnancy also often termed as gestation.  It is typically around 40 weeks from the date of last menstrual period in case of humans.  Pregnancy occurs by sexual intercourse or through assisted reproductive technology. Broadly it is classified into three trimesters.  First Trimester include fertilization of sperm and ova forming a zygote which later reaches uterus for implantation and further growth.  There are high chances of miscarriage during this stage due various issues like week uterus lining, improper knowledge of pregnancy, improper implantation of zygote to uterus cell wall. Second trimester is from 13to 28 where the rapid development of feotus with the development of vital organs.  Third trimester where the movement of the feotus changes head down in order to facilitate the birth.

 
  • Track 11-1Tiredness
  • Track 11-2Morning sickness
  • Track 11-3Constipation
  • Track 11-4Pelvic girdle pain
  • Track 11-5Back pain
  • Track 11-6Braxton Hicks contractions
  • Track 11-7Peripheral edema
  • Track 11-8Low blood pressure
  • Track 11-9Increased Urinary frequency

Abortion is the term used for surgical removal of the embryo from the uterus before it can survive on its own. Medication abortion include use of abortion pill usually within first 10 weeks of pregnancy. Surgical abortion includes the surgical removal of feotus from the uterus.  Miscarriage is the spontaneous death of the feotus in the uterus.  There are multiple reason for the miscarriage to occur. Most miscarriages occur as a result of chromosomal problems that infer with the development of the feotus. Multiple abortions usually can result in the loss of fertility. Miscarriages generally occur during the first trimester where the chances of risk are higher.  Repeated miscarriages need careful medical attention

 
  • Track 12-1Endocrine, Uterine disorders
  • Track 12-2Autoimmune disorder
  • Track 12-3Abnormal development of placenta

Menopause is considered as a natural condition which shows up as the women age.  A woman is born with finite number if eggs whose release is controlled by estrogen and progesterone.  As the woman ages the ovaries stops releasing eggs.  This condition is termed as menopause where the female hormones are produced quite less amount.  However there are few conditions where the menopause starts early because of premature ovarian failure and due to surgical removal of uterus.

 
  • Track 13-1Peri menopause
  • Track 13-2Post menopause

Andrology is a branch of medicine that deals male reproductive problems in particular and also male urological problems.  Male reproductive problems include treatment for physical conditions undescended testes, as well as injuries and diseases that can affect fertility or sexual function. Andrology collaborates with the care givers of cardiac related problems and renal problems as problems related to heart and kidney effect the fertility in men.

 

Reproductive health in men is as important as that of women.  There are several factors which affect the man’s reproductive health which include dietsmokingalcohol consumption, conditions related to heart and kidney.  There are few conditions which are often ignored by men if left untreated may cause serious issues like infertility, STD.

 
  • Track 15-1Male infertility
  • Track 15-2Erectile dysfunction
  • Track 15-3Penile fracture
  • Track 15-4Premature ejaculation
  • Track 15-5Gynecomastia
  • Track 15-6Prostate cancer
  • Track 15-7Penile cancer

Contraception is generally called as birth control.  Contraception is quite important to avoid unwanted pregnancies, multiple pregnancies which affect the health of the women.  There are many contraceptive methods which are used currently but it is highly recommended to be under medical supervision

 
  • Track 16-1Birth control pills
  • Track 16-2Vasectomy
  • Track 16-3Tube ligation
  • Track 16-4Intra uterine devices
  • Track 16-5Physical barriers

Gynecological disorders affect the organs in the abdominal and pelvic areas.  These effect the proper functioning of reproductive system some of them include polycystic ovarian syndrome, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, uterine fibroids. These requires immediate medical attention as delaying may cause serious health issues including infertility; some may also lead to cancer.  The signs and symptoms may occur during puberty, in reproductive age, in pre-menopausal women.

 
  • Track 17-1Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Track 17-2Endometriosis
  • Track 17-3Uterine fibrioids
  • Track 17-4Urinary incontinence
  • Track 17-5Pelvic pain

Urogenital disorders effect the urinary system as well as reproductive system.  These decrease the fertility in both men and women.  Few are confined to women few are confined to men while few are common in both.

 
  • Track 18-1Bladder Cancer
  • Track 18-2Cystocele
  • Track 18-3Hematuria
  • Track 18-4Prostate cancer
  • Track 18-5Impotence

Assisted Reproductive treatment is also termed as Reproductive medicine.  Assisted Reproductive treatment refers to treatment during infertility or when the uterus is unable to bear the child or in conditions like PCODS, or due to auto immune disease.  These refer to bearing pregnancy when the success rate is quite less in case of natural pregnancies

 
  • Track 19-1Invitro fertilization
  • Track 19-2Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection
  • Track 19-3Surrogacy
  • Track 19-4Ovulation Induction
  • Track 19-5Artificial insemination